Historically, the most abundant source of copper has been chalcopyrite (CuFeS2). Copper can be produced through pyrometallurgical or hydrometallurgical processes. Several new pyrometallurgical processes have emerged over the years which improve upon the traditional roasting, smelting and converting process. Hydrometallurgical processing of copper concentrates has seen renewed interest since the success of heap leaching along with the commercial development of efficient solvent extraction and electrowinning technology. The most common hydrometallurgical process involves the extraction of copper by leaching the ore with ammonia or sulphuric acid.

Copper is commonly used in electrical equipment such as wiring and motors. This is because copper has excellent heat and electrical conductive.

Range of Copper Capabilities:

  • Metallurgical testplans
  • Project management
  • Metallurgical summary reports
  • Flowsheets
  • Mass balances
  • P&IDs
  • Vendor evaluation
  • Project implementation
  • Engineering studies
  • Environmental studies
  • Process description/Equipment lists
  • Detailed design

Please send through your enquiry today via email to and we will call you to discuss your project.

Copper Project Experience:

Blackthorn ResourcesKitumba ProjectScoping Study
National Iranian Copper CoSarchesmeh ProjectConcentrator Plant Expansion
Citadel ResourcesJabal Sayid ProjectPre-Feasibility Study
Zambezi ResourcesKangaluwiMetallurgical Consulting & Testwork
Snowden Mining ConsultantsCopperCo Lady Annie ProjectHeap Leach Review
Genesis Minerals LtdMerceditas ProjectMetallurgical Testwork
Lippo GroupCopper Smelter TechnologyReview & Site Visits
Aditya BirlaNifty OperationsCathode Prediction Project Optimisation
Birla Nifty Pty LtdNifty OperationsHeap Leach Site Visit & Restart Estimate
Sandfire ResourcesDe GrussaMetallurgical Testwork
GolderAsmara Copper ProjectDue Diligence
CICBatu HijauProject Review
Audley CapitalMantos BlancosDue Diligence
Audley CapitalMantovereDue Diligence
Standard CharteredLafayetteBank Due Diligence

Sharing Our Knowledge:

Copper Extraction Course

A concise overview of the specific unit processes associated with copper processing is provided to participants including sound technical information regarding copper’s geological occurrence, mineralogy and mining techniques. Comminution and beneficiation (including froth flotation) of copper ores is included, supported by a range of industry examples. Participants from any background could benefit from this course as prior knowledge is not required. Read more about our course here.